colors are generally defined in three ways: Sable, Black, and Blue. Within these
groups, the coats show varying amounts of tan, black, gray and white. However there are
many ways these colors and patterns show up in Shelties, and this article aims to
highlight them all. We'll also look briefly at the genetics of White Factoring, Color
Headed Whites and Double Merles.
The Sable Sheltie
The Sable Sheltie colors range from light gold
to dark mahogany. The tan coloring is overlaid with some black.
They also feature patches of white - typically around the neck,
chest, and little "socks" on each of the legs. Sometimes these cover just the
tips of the toes (or nothing at all) while other times the white socks go all the way up
The Sable Sheltie is the most common coat color because it is the
most dominant gene - the other two being Tri-color and recessive Black.
Sable Sheltie puppies are often born dark then lighten up
considerably with the soft puppy coat. The color then darkens again as the dog matures.
The Black Sheltie
The next main category of Sheltie colors is the Black coat,
comprising of solid black hairs which make up the dominant coat color.
A Tri Color
A Bi-Black Sheltie
Black Shelties come in two varieties:
- Bi-Black Shelties are black and white only, with
the same "Irish" color patterns as the Sable Sheltie.
- Tri-Color Shelties are black, white and tan.
While the white appears on the chest and legs, the tan is usually located on the cheeks,
throat, ears, eyes, legs and under the tail.
The Blue Sheltie
The Blue coat color is created by one Black gene and one Merle
gene. It creates
a color pattern in which the black hairs are diluted into
various shades of gray/blue.
A Blue Merle
A Bi-Blue Sheltie
Blue Shelties come in two varieties:
- Blue Merle Shelties have blue merle, tan and
white (tan being caused by a Tri-Color parent).
- Bi-Blue Shelties have only blue merle and white
(no tan) colors.
Like the other Sheltie colors, the overall pattern is still Irish
with predominantly white chests and legs.
The eyes can be blue or merled. This coat pattern can also appear
in Sables to produce Sable Merles, which the standard says they should
not have merled eyes.
If two Blue Merles are bred together, there is a 25% chance of
producing a Double Merle. These offspring have defective hearing and/or
vision, so responsible breeders do not match two Merles together.
Color Headed Whites
A Color Headed
White or CHW Sheltie
The Color Headed White (CHW) Sheltie is mostly
white with a head color like any coat described above.
Unlike Double Merles, CHWs have no hearing or vision defects.
They formed part of the breed standard until 1952. Nowadays if a Sheltie coat has more
than 50% white markings, they are effectively disqualified from conformation.
However some breeders continue to produce Color Headed Whites
with the hope that they will one day be reintroduced to the standard. This coat color is
created by breeding two White Factored dogs together.
White Factored Shelties
White Factored Shelties have a good amount of
white on their collar, chest and legs. More often than not, they have a strong white
stifle running up the back leg which connects with the white on the belly. Aside from
this, they have all the usual coat colors and markings of Sables, Blacks and Blue Merles.
If you breed two White Factored dogs, the chances of getting Color Headed White puppies
are 1 in 4.
majority of this page is reprinted, with permission, fromSSheltiePlanet.com
(excluding pictures). Please
check out this fun and informative site about Shelties. We know you will really enjoy
it. Thanks Becky and Pete for allowing us to use your great info. Keep up the
great work of sharing this wonderful breed with the world!
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